Student Session: Resilient Cities – How Cities Prepares for Possible Failures on its System
サンパウロ大学 Civil Room S07, Faculty of Architecture and Urbanism
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Today’s world has been facing challenges of climate change impacts, energy crises, and population growth, all of which will have more effects on urban areas. With more than 50% of the world’s population living in urban area, and as most of the world’s production happens in the cities and through the globalization system, the impact of the aforementioned problems will affect more the lives of people should a city fail to support its activities.
A city in the urban development context can be seen as a system of human activities in both economy and social dimensions and its environment. An established city system often becomes too rigid to overcome a sudden incident. When one of the factors of this system fails is found, the city will not be able to respond it. The causes of the system failure can be easily seen, such as natural disasters and human-made disasters. However, other causes of the failures are not easily seen, such as the uneven distribution of wealth, political dissatisfaction, environmental stress, and energy scarcity due to ever growing demand. The idea of resilient city is that a city should have the preparedness to face a potential shock on the various systems within it, so that it can continue to function despite the crisis. Although the idea of resilience is adapted differently in many cities depending on its conditions and challenges, the basic concept of resilience is the ability for the city to be flexible when facing its problems. One of the examples of a resilient city is the idea of sustainable transport city and application of renewable energy when facing oil crises.
The purpose of this session is to discuss the problems and potential vulnerabilities in Sao Paulo, Brazil within the context or resilient city. Due to this urbanization, problems emerged within the urban area, for example like traffic congestion, waste and storm water management, and energy deficit. These problems might cause the potential vulnerabilities in the aspects of altitude, resistance, precariousness and panarchy process in the city system. Workshop is done in order to identify these problems and analyze what measures can be taken to increase the resilience of the city. Before the discussion, participants will be introduced to the concepts of resilience and the current conditions of Sao Paulo as a base of discussion. Then the participants will be brought to the discussion on resilient city based on their interest topics, and asked to identify the potential problems, and the chain-effects of the problems that might disable the city as a system in Sao Paulo as well as an idea of how these problems can be solved.
Sustainability and Resilience - Prof. Takashi Mino
Urban Issues in Sao Paulo - Prof. Maria Cecilia Loschiavo dos Santos
|14:50-15:00||Explanation on workshop flow|
1. Introduction on Resilient City
-Group division (5 groups)
-Presentation and Q&A
-Summary of discussion
|味埜 俊||新領域創成科学研究科 教授|
|Miguel Esteban||新領域創成科学研究科 特任准教授|
|Marcin Pawel Jarzebski||新領域創成科学研究科サステイナビリティ学グローバルリーダー養成大学院プログラム・博士課程|
|Lan Huong Nguyen||新領域創成科学研究科サステイナビリティ学グローバルリーダー養成大学院プログラム・博士課程|
|Maria Cecilia Loschiavo dos Santos||サンパウロ大学教授|